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What Is Fire Damage Restoration?

Fire damage restoration is a complex process that includes a variety of services. It involves repairing structural damage, removing smoke and soot, and cleaning furniture and other belongings. It also includes securing the property from further damage by boarding up windows and doors and tarping the roof.

Fire Damage

The first step is a comprehensive inspection and assessment. Professional technicians at Oneofakind will note all types of damage and identify salvageable items.

Fire damage can cause a devastating amount of loss to families and businesses. Beyond losing prized possessions, many people find themselves without a place to live or work. Prompt restoration can make a huge difference in the recovery process in these situations. However, it is also important to realize that restoration may not be complete without addressing the issues created by water damage as a result of the fire.

It is common to have standing water in a home or commercial building after a fire. The longer this water remains in a space, the more it can damage flooring, furniture, and other belongings. It can also lead to structural issues and mold growth. Water extraction should begin as soon as possible after the fire is extinguished. This step requires specialized equipment, including pumps and industrial vacuums.

Water removal should be followed by deodorization and disinfection. This will eliminate any bacteria in the water and prevent mold from growing. This process involves using EPA-approved cleaning and disinfection solutions. These can be administered by foggers that transform the chemicals into a mist that can easily penetrate porous materials and destroy bacteria.

If you have damaged items, such as photos and documents, the fire damage restoration team can often restore them. They can also treat them with chemicals that will preserve the items and prevent fading, discoloration, or warping.

Lastly, the restoration company will remove any items that cannot be restored, such as melted furniture or stained ceilings. They will then use air movers and fans to speed up the evaporation of any remaining moisture. This can help prevent mold from developing and reduce the risk of additional damage to items.

It is vital to hire a fire damage restoration company with experience and expertise in this type of restoration. This will ensure that all the water is removed and that any damaged items can be saved. In addition, it is important to document the entire process with photographs and other records. These records can be used to demonstrate the extent of the damage and the efforts made by the fire restoration company.


The next step in fire damage restoration involves cleaning surfaces and contents affected by smoke, soot, and water used to extinguish the flames. A professional team will use specialized equipment like air scrubbers and industrial fans to clear out airborne contaminants and moisture. They will also employ dehumidification methods to remove excess water from areas that were exposed to firefighting efforts.

Before beginning any clean-up or repair work, the fire restoration professionals will perform a thorough inspection and pre-test of surfaces. They will provide the homeowner with industry-standard paperwork that highlights their findings and addresses any concerns. This helps put the customer at ease and outlines what their insurance company may reimburse for.

The cleanup process often starts with addressing any structural concerns that might have been caused by the fire. This might involve securing windows, doors, and the roof and tarping any areas that were exposed to excessive heat. It can also involve removing and cleaning personal items that have been irreparably damaged by the fire or smoke.

Smoke and soot cling to absorbent materials like rugs, curtains, and carpeting, leaving behind stains and unpleasant smells. The odor and residue can also linger in the air, making it difficult to enjoy your home until this step is complete.

This is also the time when any contaminated items that have been packed away for safekeeping are cleaned and disinfected. It is especially important to sanitize any food items in refrigerators and freezers, as well as those stored in containers with cork-lined or waxed cardboard seals.

After sanitizing, the cleaning crew can begin to address any other effects of the fire on your property. This might include repairing drywall and other affected interior surfaces, replacing items that have been charred beyond repair, and repainting or sealing walls to restore them to their original condition.

Finally, the fire restoration pros will re-sanitize any items that have been packed away for safekeeping as well as ductwork and vents to remove residue and odors that have settled inside. They will then return all restored items to their appropriate locations in your home, leaving the space ready for habitation.


The next step in the fire restoration process is to deodorize the premises. This is done using a variety of techniques and equipment. This is an important part of restoring a home or business to its pre-fire condition, as it removes any unpleasant and potentially harmful odors that may have been left behind.

During this process, professionals will also clean all surfaces that were exposed to smoke and soot. This includes carpeting, furniture and personal belongings. This is one of the most time-consuming parts of fire restoration because soot can stain surfaces and penetrate porous materials, such as wood or plaster.

Depending on the type of fire, it can also create a range of odors that must be removed. For example, fires that are fueled by flammable liquids or gases usually produce petroleum-based odors. On the other hand, fires that are ignited by cooking ingredients usually leave behind a smoky and greasy odor. The restoration team will work hard to eliminate all odors so that customers can enjoy their homes again.

The length of time it takes to complete this phase can vary greatly, depending on the severity of the fire damage. For instance, a minor fire that has only affected a small portion of the property can be restored within a few days to a week, depending on the extent of damage.

After the deodorization process is completed, a clearance test must be performed to ensure that any residual odors have been eliminated. This is accomplished by taking air and surface samples. Then, professionals will conduct a thorough inspection and testing to confirm that the property has been restored to a safe condition.

If you’ve experienced a fire in your home or business, you should never return to the building until the fire department has declared it safe. Even then, you should have a professional inspect the property before returning to retrieve personal items. They can help to restore your property, remove soot and smoke stains, address water damage to prevent mold growth, and deodorize the entire property. Choosing a company that specializes in this type of damage can make the process go much faster and easier.


In some cases, a fire restoration company may also provide property reconstruction services. These may include repairing damage to drywall, roofs or other structural components of a home or building. This type of service is separate from fire damage restoration and typically requires an additional team of contractors and experts who specialize in construction and property repair.

The next step in the restoration process is to assess and document the extent of the damage caused by the fire. This assessment is used to create a comprehensive plan for restoring the property. The restoration professional will check for damage to electrical systems, HVAC, and outside areas of the structure. Additionally, they will ensure that all items salvageable from the property have been cleaned of smoke odors, residual water and other debris.

During this phase, the restoration team will also secure the damaged property. This includes installing fencing and boarding up openings in the structure to keep out any unauthorized visitors. If certain parts of the property weren’t affected by the fire, the team will seal them off from the impacted area to reduce cross contamination.

After the cleaning and deodorization phases are complete, the restoration team will apply sealers to any contaminated surfaces. These chemicals help to remove any remaining odors and prevent the growth of mold and bacteria in the impacted areas.

When the restoration work is completed, the homeowner will be asked to sign a certificate of satisfaction. This serves as proof to the homeowner, their insurance provider and the source handling the expense that the job has been completed to their satisfaction.

If your house has been damaged by a recent fire, it is important to contact a fire damage restoration company right away. They will be able to help you get your home back to normal as quickly as possible and minimize any further damage. Be sure to choose a company with experience and a strong track record in the industry. Additionally, make sure that they are licensed, bonded and insured. This will protect you in the event that any problems with their work are discovered later on.